Illiberal constitutionalism: a contradiction in terms?

Frosini, Justin Orlando; Calvo, Ricardo Ramirez

The article begins by addressing the very concept of constitutionalism. In this paper the two authors argue that the unwritten historical constitution needs to be revitalized and that, whatever its drawbacks, liberal democracy is still the best way to protect individual rights. The article highlights those events where the IACL research team debated the recurrent menace to liberal constitutionalism such as neo-liberalism, unelected power, corruption and eco-authoritarianism. The article ends with a question: has the Covid-19 pandemic led to further democratic retrogression or has it actually strengthened democratic regimes?